1962: X30 Velux - The 'Mother' Of The Maxi
- Gepubliceerd: zondag 03 april 2016 09:18
- Geschreven door René
Sometimes, the best ideas start with a small improvement.
It was 1962, and Puch did very well on the moped market. The MS50 and VS50 had proven themselves over the years and even small scooterlike mopeds were selling. It was a great time for Steyr-Daimler-Puch. It was time to develop a "moped for the ladies", due to Swiss demand, and thus a bicycle-frame was modified with a small engine and the X30 was born. Quickly coming a huge success, the next years a small tank was fitted onto the frame, making it suitable for larger distances. The forced aircooled engine, together with a bulky tank and no front suspension however, did convince the factory to do some more research and development and create something small, cheap to produce and flexible in building (modular construction).
In the mid 60's, a simple automatic transmission was developed, with the clutch spinning in an oilbath, in a horizontal carter. Together with the carburettor it was freely accessible, easy for maintenance. The cilinder was fitted with oversized cooling fins. The ignition was build behind a sturdy metal flywheelcasing. This was become to known as the 'Maxi Motor'. As for the new frame, several smaller parts (modules) were made of pressedplate steel, welded together. This also included the gastank integrated into the framework. For sturdyness, a stance was made on both sides of the tank, where (for convenience and looks) the modelsticker was to be applied. The frontfork was a simple basic springcoil type and the chainguards were made of plastic. Cheap and lightweight. Finally, in 1969, the Puch Maxi saw daylight and would become by far the most produced moped in the Grazer history. It would become a millionseller.
But the X30 (not to be mistaken with the X-30, which is a completely other model) can be considered the "mother of the Maxi" and gave women a chance to easily ride a moped that would never fail and was light in handling with enough basic comfort. In the end, the X30 was produced 272.327 times, and enough of them still ride the Alps today.
Technical Details X30:
Models: X30, X30L, X30LA
Total produced: 272.327
Engine: one-cilinder, twostroke motor, 38/43mm, 48,8 cc, forced aircooling
Carburettor: Bosch Bing 1/11/35
Ignition: Bosch LM/URB 1/116/17 L5 with 15+2 W electric
Clutch: X30 & X30L: multidiscs in oilbath, X30LA: flywheel
Drive: X30 & X30L: 2-speed hand, X30LA: automatic
Frame: central tube
Front suspension: model variations include: rigid, swingarm or telescopespring
Rear suspension: rigid
Tyres: 23 x 2,00 inch
Dryweight: 42 kgs.
Tanksize: 3,7 ltrs.
Topspeed: 40 km/h